Rehda Institute

LEGISLATION/

REGULATION

POLICY/LEGISLATION/REGULATION

POLICY/LEGISLATION/

REGULATION

Strata Management (Maintenance and Management) Regulations 2015

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Strata Management (Strata Management Tribunal) Regulations 2015

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Housing Development (Control and Licensing) (Amendment) Act 2012 & (Amendment) Regulations 2015

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Solid waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007

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National Land Code

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NATIONAL HOUSING POLICY

THE GOAL OF THE NATIONAL HOUSING POLICY

Provide adequate, comfortable, quality and affordable housing to enhance the sustainability of the quality of life of the people.

Objectives of the National Housing policy

Objective 1:Providing adequate and quality housing with comprehensive facilities and a conducive environment;

Objective 2: Enhancing the capability and accessibility of the people to own or rent houses; and

Objective 3: Setting future direction to ensure the sustainability of the housing sector

Thrusts and Policy Statement

Thrust 1  : Provision of Adequate Housing Based on the Specific Needs of Target Groups

Housing is a basic need and in line with “shelter for all”, the Government will strive to ensure that every person can own or rent a house. Nevertheless, housing needs for the low-income group, who earn a monthly household income of less than RM2,500 are still not adequate.

Hence, the Government and the private sector need to continue providing affordable houses for sale or rental especially for the low income group, and also the disabled, senior citizens and single mothers. The private sector is also encouraged to develop medium-cost houses to fulfill the needs of the middle income group with a monthly household income of RM2,500 to RM3,999.
The three policy statements are outlined below:

NHP 1.1: Enhancing the role of the State Government agencies, besides the  Federal  Government agencies and the private sector in continuing the efforts of providing affordable houses for rent or for sale.

NHP 1.2: Providing housing for all especially low-cost houses for the low-income group and encouraging the provision of medium-cost houses for the middle-income group; and

NHP 1.3: State Governments are given flexibility in determining the quota of low-cost houses to be built in mixed-development areas based on the suitability of the location and local demand.

Thrust 2: Improving the Quality and Productivity of Housing Development

Although most houses built have met the minimum quality requirements set, there are still developments which have not met the standard requirements and that leads to low quality construction. The use of low quality construction materials and lack of skilled workers also contribute to the low quality houses built. Low usage of state-of-the-art technology in construction and dependency on unskilled and cheap foreign manpower also contribute to the decline in the quality of houses. Therefore, NHP outlines efforts to improve the quality and productivity of housing development by encouraging the use of skilled and accredited workers, minimum construction quality standards, and quality local buildings materials.
The three policy statements are:

NHP 2.1: The use of skilled, trained and accredited workers for construction works to raise the quality of construction through approved and accredited systems;

NHP 2.2: Setting the quality standards and minimum housing specifications; and

NHP 2.3: Increasing the use of local building materials.

Thrust 3: Increasing the Effectiveness of Implementation and Ensuring Compliance of the Housing Service Delivery System

Complying with laws and rules related to housing development is essential to ensure projects are developed in an orderly and timely manner, and based on specifications set. The housing sector’s delivery system would be affected and disrupted if laws, policies and rules are not implemented effectively.

Through NHP, coordination and implementation of policies involving various agencies will be enhanced. Furthermore, the ability and efficiency of the housing delivery system will also be improved through monitoring, effective law enforcement and implementation of new initiatives such as the One Stop Centre (OSC), Certificate of Completion and Compliance (CCC) and the Build-Then-Sell (BTS) concept. In addition, a single federal agency will be responsible for developing, selling and maintaining public low-cost houses in the Federal Government’s jurisdiction to curb issues pertaining to public low-cost houses.
The five policy statements are as outlined below:

NHP 3.1: Formulating, improving and enforcing laws, regulations and guidelines pertaining to the housing sector;

NHP 3.2: Enhancing the Government’s service delivery system related to housing through policy coordination and implementation involving various agencies;

NHP 3.3: Encouraging the BTS concept in the housing provision system;

NHP 3.4: Improving relations and collaboration among the public and private sector as well as professional bodies in the housing sector; and

NHP 3.5: Public housing programmes at the federal level are placed under the responsibility of a single federal agency which plans, implements, sells/ rents and maintains them. State Governments are still responsible for public housing programmes at the state level through their subsidiary agencies.

Thrust 4: Improving the Ability of the People to Own and Rent Houses

In fulfilling housing needs for the low-income and middle-income groups, factors such as affordability, cost of development, and selling price frequently influence supply and demand in the housing sector. Currently, housing developments are concentrated in high-density urban and suburban areas where the purchasing power and market are significantly immense. However, in order to balance up current housing needs especially for the low-income and middle-income groups, the Government and the private sector must play their roles to fulfill social responsibility to the people. Moreover, through NHP, a comprehensive and holistic approach is introduced to increase the accessibility to own or rent the provided houses.
The three policy statements are as outlined below:

NHP 4.1: Setting prices for low-cost houses as well as controlling ownership and sales to avoid speculation;

NHP 4.2: Setting a realistic rental rate for low-cost houses; and

NHP 4.3: Providing financial support for the low income group in order to own houses.

Thrust 5: Sustainability of the Housing Sector

Through NHP, efforts to enhance the sustainability of the housing sector are implemented by both the Government and the private sector. The efforts are balanced development implementation and the use of environmental-friendly housing development concept with new technologies and innovations. Green technology, which can help to on serve the environment in the context of energy efficiency specifically in building design, the use of recyclable materials and the development of smart buildings, is given emphasis. Indirectly, the aspects mentioned and elevate the quality of life as well as preserve the environment.
The three policy statements are as outlined below:

NHP 5.1: Increasing the use of new technologies, innovation and provision of environmental-friendly housing;

NHP 5.2: Improving research and development (R&D) efforts in the housing sector; and

NHP 5.3: Encouraging urban renewal and redevelopment of old buildings in line with the Government’s objective for conservation and preservation purposes.

Thrust 6: Enhancing the Level of Social Amenities, Basic Services and Liveable Environment

Some housing areas do not have complete basic social amenities and facilities in the form of transportation, safety and maintenance. Since housing is an integral aspect to shape prosperity and harmony among communities, the NHP proposes that the provision of housing also incorporates improving the level of basic and social amenities, as well as creating a conducive and liveable environment. This can be achieved by well-planned development in line with the implementation of the Safe City concept and community building.
The three policy statements are as outlined below:

NHP 6.1: Providing housing and sustainable development complete with basic amenities and facilities based on standards and current needs as well as other social needs to create a conducive and liveable environment;

NHP 6.2: Strengthening the management mechanism and maintenance of stratified buildings and common properties; and

NHP 6.3: Implementing the concept of Safe City in housing areas.

 

Download Housing National Policy